Transforming Mosques Into a Containment Space During Natural Disasters; Browsing Through Recent Publications


  • Hayder Jawad Shakir Haratyi
  • Mohammad Yazah Mat Raschid
  • Nangkula Utaberta





Natural disasters, Transformed spaces, Containment spaces, Mosque’s design


Mosques around the world have been serving the Muslim community for religious and social purposes since the beginning of Islam. Mosques have played an important role to educate and create a peaceful yet proper cosmos for its visitors. However, nowadays, mosques are not only used for its educational component, but on occasion have been transformed into places to serve multi-ethnic and multi-religious communities during natural disasters. This paper is an attempt to surf through the recent publications that discuss natural disasters and the containment of such incidents. Four case studies have been presented to draw a picture of a mosque’s role before, during and after natural disasters. Although many researchers have investigated this role, there still is an urgent need to understand the several examples of cases globally and the issues the researchers have dealt with in such incidents. Selected papers have been reviewed to study the conclusions found in the most recent publications in this field. The aim of this paper is to find out the missing aspects and the gap in the literature for the purpose of future studies and designs.




[1] F. Mulyasari and R. Shaw, “The Role of Faith-Based Organizations (FBOs) as Risk Communicators: Case Study of Bandung, West Java,†in Disaster Risk Reduction in Indonesia: Progress, Challenges, and Issues, R. Djalante, M. Garschagen, F. Thomalla, and R. Shaw, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2017, pp. 377–393.

[2] ADRC, “Natural Disaster Data Book 2009 (An Analytical Overview),†2011.

[3] UNISDR, “Indigenous Knowledge for Disaster Risk Reduction,†Indig. Knowl. Disaster Risk Reduct., vol. 97, no. 1, pp. 12–21, 2008.

[4] R. Djalante, M. Garschagen, F. Thomalla, and R. Shaw, Disaster Risk Reduction in Indonesia, 1st ed. Springer International Publishing, 2017.

[5] N. Utaberta and I. Rahayu, “The Role of the Masjid in Disaster Management : Qualitative Data Specifically by Informants Based on their Experiences,†Res. J. Fish. Hydrobiol., vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 158–164, 2016.

[6] IRI, UNOCHA, and LPBI NU, “Preliminary Studies of the Potential Role of the Mosque in Disaster Situation in Indonesia: Six Mosques in Two Provinces,†2011.

[7] Y. Ayalon, Natural Disasters in the Ottoman Empire. Cambridge University Press, 2014.

[8] N.Utaberta, M. T. M. Rasdi, N. Spalie, N. A. G. Abdullah, and M.M.Tahir, “Analisis Tipologi Dan Pendekatan Perancangan Masjid Moden,†J. Des. + Built, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 69–85, 2011.

[9] H. Mortada, Traditional Islamic Principles of Built Environment. London and New York: Al Islamic Principles Of Built Environment Hisham Mortada RoutledgeCurzon, 2003.

[10] B. Korf, S. Habullah, P. Hollenbach, and B. Klem, “The gift of disaster: The commodification of good intentions in post-tsunami Sri Lanka,†Disasters, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 60–77, 2010.

[11] BBC NEWS, “BBC NEWS | World | Asia-Pacific | US presidents in tsunami aid plea,†US presidents in tsunami aid plea, 2005. [Online]. Available:

[12] T. C. Foundation, “2005 Pakistan Earthquake,†Buddhist Compassion Relief Tzu Chi Foundation, 2010. .

[13] A. R. Cheema, “Exploring the role of the mosque in dealing with disasters: A case study of the 2005 earthquake in Pakistan,†Massey University, 2012.

[14] S. Rehman and V. S. Kalra, “Transnationalism from below: initial responses by British Kashmiris to the South Asia earthquake of 2005,†Contemp. South Asia, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 309–323, 2006.

[15] A. R. Cheema, A. Mehmood, and M. Imran, “Learning from the past Analysis of disaster management structures, policies and institutions in Pakistan,†Disaster Prev. Manag. An Int. J., vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 449–463, 2016.

[16] A. Breshna, “Shelter for the Homeless after a Flood Disaster - Practical Experience in Southwest Afghanistan,†Disasters, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 203–208, 1988.

[17] ICIMOD, Mountain Development Resource Book for Afghanistan. Nepal: The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, 2009.

View Full Article: