Development of Drone for Search and Rescue Operation in Malaysia Flood Disaster

  • Authors

    • Ahmad Sobri Hashim
    • Mohamad Syafiq Mohamad Tamizi
  • drone, search and rescue, flood disaster
  • 2014 drew a very terrible history to Malaysia where this country was hit by the worst flood disaster ever since for the last 20 years. This disaster has caused property lost and few death cases were also reported. Drone, new emergence technology, has the capability to be deployed for search and rescue operation in flood disaster. This technology could improve the operation of search and rescue, reduce the cost incurred and fasten the time to respond when flood happens. It is due to its capability in terms of small scale size of equipment as compared to the conventional search and rescue facilities such as boats, helicopters, etc. Therefore, this paper presents on the development of drone prototype for search and rescue operation in Malaysia flood disaster. The architecture of the software and hardware integration for search and rescue drone has been designed. The experiment was conducted to evaluate on the accuracy of flood victims’ detection.



  • References

    1. [1] G. U. Aliagha, A. H. Mar Iman, H. M. Ali, N. Kamaruddin, and K. N. Ali, "Discriminant factors of flood insurance demand for floodâ€hit residential properties: a case for Malaysia," Journal of Flood Risk Management, vol. 8, pp. 39-51, 2015.

      [2] N. W. Chan, "Impacts of Disasters and Disaster Risk Management in Malaysia: The Case of Floods," in Resilience and Recovery in Asian Disasters ed Japan, 2015, pp. 239-265.

      [3] Y. Naidoo, R. Stopforth, and G. Bright, "Development of an UAV for search & rescue applications.," presented at the IEEE AFRICON 2011, Zambia, 2011.

      [4] R. Murphy, "Drones Save Lives in Disasters, When They're Allowed to Fly (Op-Ed)," Center for Robot-Assisted Search and Rescue, Texas A&M University2015.

      [5] P. Sibon. (2014, May 29). Dawos concerned over effects of greenhouse emission. . Available:

      [6] N. S. C. NSC. (2014, November 15). The Management of Flood. Available:

      [7] C. Rieger, "The Role of Citizen Science in Risk Mitigation and Disaster Response: A Case Study of 2015 Nepalese Earthquake Using OpenStreetMap," presented at the 2015 AGU Fall Meeting, Agu, 2015.

      [8] W. Maciborski. (2014, March 31). Future of drones in Texas. Available:

      [9] S. Waharte, "Supporting Search and Rescue Operations with UAVs," presented at the 2010 International Conference on Emerging Security Technologies (EST), Caterbury, 2010.

      [10] R. W. D. Finn, "Unmanned aircraft systems: Surveillance, ethics and privacy in civil applications," Computer Law & Security Review vol. 28, pp. 184-194, 2012.

      [11] Dronebly. (2016). Quadcopter vs Hexacopter vs Octocopter: The Pros and Cons. Available:

      [12] S. Bernardini, "Planning the behaviour of low-cost quadcopters for surveillance missions," presented at the 24th International Conference on Automated Planning and Scheduling, Portsmouth USA, 2014.

  • Downloads

  • How to Cite

    Sobri Hashim, A., & Syafiq Mohamad Tamizi, M. (2018). Development of Drone for Search and Rescue Operation in Malaysia Flood Disaster. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7(3.7), 9-12.