Strength and Durability Behaviour of Nano Silica on High Performance Concrete


  • P Jaishankar
  • K T. Poovizhi
  • K Saravana Raja Mohan





Nano silica, Durability, Interfacial transition zone.


Nano silica is a fine convergent material of 10-9m size.  Due to its fineness, stiffness gets increased and cracks get reduced. As nano silica is fine, the mechanical strength will be increased and the durability will also be increased. Nano silica will reduce the pores compared to nominal concrete specimens. In this to study strength and durability behaviour of M70 high performance concrete with Nano Silica as admixture partially replacing cement by 0% 5% 10% 15% 20%. The experimental investigation of sorptivity test, alkalinity measurement test, water absorption test, totally 30 cubes and 15 cylinders specimens were casting and testing for strength and durability.  Specimens namely cubes, cylinders are cured for 28 days. In standard environment, after this curing period a test to analyze the strength and durability as carried out. The strength and durability start shown in increasing trend with increase in the quantity of nano silica. XRD, XRF Techniques are used to study the micro structure of the concrete. The nano silica addition reduces the pore amount and makes the concrete denser in micro structure level, which in turn increases the strength and durability.




[1] Janina Setina, Alona Gabrene, Inna Juhnevica ,“ Effect of Pozzolanic Additives on Structure and Chemical Durability of Concreteâ€, Procedia Engineering 57 (2013) 1005 – 1012.

[2] Mahboubeh Zahedi, Ali Akbar Ramezanianpour, Amir Mohammad Ramezanianpour, “ Evaluation of the mechanical properties and durability of cement mortars containing nano silica and rice husk ash under chloride ion Penetrationâ€, Construction and Building Materials 78 (2015) 354–361.

[3] Hongjian Du, Suhuan Du, Xuemei Liu, “ Durability performances of concrete with nano-silicaâ€, Construction and Building Materials 73 (2014) 705–712.

[4] Ehsan Ghafari, Mahdi Arezoumandi, Hugo Costa, Eduardo Julio, “Influence of nano-silica addition on durability of UHPCâ€, Construction and Building Materials 94 (2015) 181–188.

[5] P.Jaishankar and K.Saravana Raja Mohan “Behaviour of Nano Silica on Strength Characteristics of High Performances Concreteâ€, Revista Română de Materiale / Romanian Journal of Materials, 47 (2017), 470-475.

[6] Hakan Nuri Atahan, Koray Mehmet Arslan , “ Improved durability of cement mortars exposed to external sulfate attackâ€, Sustainable Cities and Society 22 (2016) 40–48.

[7] E. García-Taengua, M. Sonebi, K.M.A. Hossain, M. Lachemi, J. Khatib ,“ Effects of the addition of nanosilica on the rheootrlogy, hydration and development of the compressive strength of cement mortarsâ€, Composites Part B 81 (2015) 120-129.

[8] V. Barai, Sudhirkumar, V. Barai, “ Influence of Nano-Silica on the properties of recycled aggregate concreteâ€, Construction and Building Materials 55 (2014) 29–37.

[9] A.M. Said, M.S. Zeidan, M.T. Bassuoni, Y.Tian, “ Properties of concrete incorporating nano-silicaâ€, Construction and Building Materials 36 (2012) 838–844.

[10] Ksenija Jankovic, Srboljub Stankovic, Dragan Bojovic, Marko Stojanovic, Lana Antic, “ The influence of nano-silica and barite aggregate on properties of ultra high performance concreteâ€, Construction and Building Materials 126 (2016) 147–156.

[11] Susanto Teng, Tze Yang Darren Lim, Bahador Sabet Divsholi, “ Durability and mechanical properties of high strength concrete incorporating ultra fine Ground Granulated Blast-furnace Slagâ€,Construction and Building Materials 40 (2013) 875–881.

[12] Mohammad Hossein, Alireza Khaloo, Payam Hosseini, Amin Esrafili, “ Mechanical properties of fiber-reinforced high-performance concrete incorporating pyrogenic nano silica with different surface areasâ€, Construction and Building Materials, 101 (2015) 130–140.

[13] P.Jaishankar and K.Saravana Raja Mohan†A Comparative Study on Characterisation and Effect of Micro Silica and Nano Silica†ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 22 (2017), 6435-6442.

[14] Ying-Gang Miao, Hong-Yuan Liu, Tao Suo, Yiu-Wing Mai , “ Effects of strain rate on mechanical properties of nano silicaâ€, Composites Part B 96 (2016) 119-124.

[15] Mohamed Amin, Khaled Abu el-hassan, “ Effect of using different types of nano materials on mechanical properties of high strength concreteâ€, Construction and Building Materials 80 (2015) 116–124.

[16] Tao ji, Ammar Mirzayee, “ preliminary study on water infiltration of concrete containing nano-silica and siliconeâ€, international congress on civil engineering, 8 (2009) 40-52.

[17] R.Yu, P.Spiesz,“ Effect of nano silica on the hydration and microstructure development of ultra –high performance concrete with a low binder amountâ€, construction and building material,65 (2014) 140-16.

View Full Article:

How to Cite

Jaishankar, P., T. Poovizhi, K., & Saravana Raja Mohan, K. (2018). Strength and Durability Behaviour of Nano Silica on High Performance Concrete. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7(3.12), 415–418.
Received 2018-07-23
Accepted 2018-07-23
Published 2018-07-20