Cost Effective Construction for Low Income Earners with MRTB and MFS

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
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  • Abstract


    India is a developing country having 14% (Pew Research Centre) population of low income group. The desire to own a house especially for low income and middle class families has become a virtual reality. Hence it is required to go in for an innovative, eco-friendly and cost efficient technology for raising of houses enabling the ordinary persons to build houses at owing to their financial status. The materials and techniques which are adopted have to be durable, economical and accepted by users. This study of low cost housing focuses mostly on personal satisfaction levels and the need of quality, particularly with regard to the place of abode. Hence, to provide the basic needs to the low income earners, this economical housing concept with minimum financial statement/investment has been suggested. The reduced construction cost through suitable management plans is obtained by appropriate use of locally available materials, labour and technology without compromising on the strength and life of the structure. In this study, it has been found that about 12% of total bricks and 22% of materials can be saved by using Modified Rat Trap Bond for walls and Modified Filler Slab for roofs respectively, which may be applied practically for government low cost dwellings.

     

     


  • Keywords


    Cost effective, Low income earners, Modified Rat Trap Bond, Modified Filler Slab.

  • References


      [1] Garg R.K., Garg N. K. &Batra Y. K.(2004), "Sanitation and Waste Water Disposal Systems in Rural Areas", Journal of Indian Building Congress, Vol. 11, No. 2, 2004; Seminar on “Up gradation of Housing & Amenities in Rural Areas”, Bhubaneswar, December, 22nd-23rd2004. BMTPC. ACSGE-2009, Oct 25-27, BITS Pilani, India

      [2] Bredenoord, J, "Sustainable Housing and Building Materials for Low-income Households", J ArchitEng Tech, 2016 ,5(158), 2.

      [3] IS: 456 (2000). Indian Standard Plain and Reinforced Concrete Code of Practice. Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi

      [4] IS: 383 (1970). Indian Standard Specification for Coarse and Fine aggregates from Natural Sources for Concrete (Second Revision). Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.

      [5] IS: 10262 (1982). Recommended Guidelines for Concrete Mix Design. Bureau of Indian standards, New Delhi.

      [6] IS: 516 (1959). Indian Standard Method of Tests for Strength of Concrete. Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi

      [7] Tam, V. W. (2011). Cost effectiveness of using low cost housing technologies in construction. Procedia Engineering, 14, 156-160.



 

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Article ID: 16023
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i3.12.16023




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