Insulating material based on shredded used tires and inexpensive polymers for different roofs

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    Thermal insulation is the ability of the material to prevent or reduce the heat transfer through the insulating material or between thermally contacted objectives. The increasing of the greenhouse effect leads to a continuous rising of the temperature especially in the summer, thus, there is a continuous research that aims to find more effective and environmental friendly insulation materials. Nowadays, a great number of proportions from polyurethane foam are produced every year in order to be used as an insulating material. Polyurethane foam shows an effective heat insulation results, but the price of the polyurethane is getting more expensive each day in Egypt due to the continuous rising of the hard currency as it is imported from abroad. This paper aims to prepare, design and develop effective heat insulation composite based on shredded used automobile tires. This was done by preparation different ratio composite from shredded used automobile tires and polyester along with polyurethane and shredded used automobile tires. These heat insulation tiles were characterized by the following testing, thermal insulation test, compression test, density measurement, abrasion test to measure the effect of adding the shredded used automobile tires to these polymers. It was found that, the composite of 66.7 wt % polyurethane foam and 33.3 wt % shredded automobile tires was the best choice to be used as it provides efficient thermal insulation of K value of 0.1663 W/m.℃. It also has a low density of 0.0313 kg/l. Furthermore, the addition of shredded used automobile tires reduces the cost by 33%. Furthermore, the compression strength of the polyurethane foam was increased by adding the shredded used automobile tires. Hence, using cheap materials such as shredded used tires, which considered as undesirable waste material, results in both producing a cheap national heat insulating roof tile with good mechanical, waterproofing and thermal insulating characteristics along with solving a serious environmental problem that occurs to get rid of the shredded waste automobile tires, as in some cases the tires are being burned resulting in air pollution and causing various diseases, which finally leading to more waste treatment management strategies. Finally, this heat insulation composite directly results in lowering the energy consumption required to cooling and heating systems inside the buildings.


  • Keywords

    Insulating Materials; Shredded Used Tires; Polymers.

  • References

      [1] Papadopoulos, A. M., State of the art in thermal insulation materials and aims for future developments. Energy and Buildings, 2005. 37 (1): p. 77-86.

      [2] Tang, Y., et al., Industrial polymers classification using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy combined with self-organizing maps and K-means algorithm. Optik. 165: p. 179-185.

      [3] Piszczyk, Å. u., et al., Polyurethane/ground tire rubber composite foams based on polyglycerol: Processing, mechanical and thermal properties. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 34(9): p. 708-717.

      [4] Dowson, M., et al., Predicted and in situ performance of a solar air collector incorporating a translucent granular aerogel cover. Energy and Buildings.49: p. 173-187.

      [5] Naskar, A.K., A.K. Mukherjee, and R. Mukhopadhyay, Studies on tyre cords: degradation of polyester due to fatigue. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 2004. 83(1): p. 173-180.

      [6] Parres, F., J.E. Crespo-Amorós, and A. Nadal-Gisbert, Mechanical properties analysis of plaster reinforced with fiber and microfiber obtained from shredded tires. Construction and Building Materials, 2009.23(10): p. 3182-3188.

      [7] Lauri, J. and R. Scapellato, Topics in Graph Automorphisms and Reconstruction. London Mathematical Society Lecture Note Series, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

      [8] Elazab, H., et al., Microwave-assisted synthesis of Pd nanoparticles supported on FeO, CoO, and Ni (OH) nanoplates and catalysis application for CO oxidation. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 2014. 16(7): p. 1-11.

      [9] Elazab, H., et al., The Effect of Graphene on Catalytic Performance of Palladium Nanoparticles Decorated with FeO, CoO, and Ni (OH): Potential Efficient Catalysts Used for Suzuki Cross-Coupling. Catalysis Letters. 147(6): p. 1510-1522.

      [10] Elazab, H.A., et al., The continuous synthesis of Pd supported on Fe3O4 nanoparticles: A highly effective and magnetic catalyst for CO oxidation. Green Processing and Synthesis. 6(4): p. 413-424.

      [11] Elazab, H.A., et al., Highly efficient and magnetically recyclable graphene-supported Pd/Fe3O4 nanoparticle catalysts for Suzuki and Heck cross-coupling reactions. Applied Catalysis A: General, 2015. 491 p. 58-69.

      [12] Mankarious, R.A., et al., Bulletproof vests/shields prepared from composite material based on strong polyamide fibers and epoxy resin. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. 12(10): p. 2697-2701.

      [13] Mohsen, W., M.A. Sadek, and H.A. Elazab, Green synthesis of copper oxide nanoparticles in aqueous medium as a potential efficient catalyst for catalysis applications. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research.12 (24): p. 14927-14930.

      [14] Mostafa, A.R., H.A.-S. Omar, and A.E. Hany, Preparation of Hydrogel Based on Acryl Amide and Investigation of Different Factors Affecting Rate and Amount of Absorbed Water. Agricultural Sciences. Vol.08No.02: p. 11.

      [15] Radwan, M.A., et al., Mechanical characteristics for different composite materials based on commercial epoxy resins and different fillers. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. 12(5): p. 1179-1185.

      [16] Kobayashi, T., Kanematsu, H., Hashimoto, R., Morisato, K., Ohashi, N., Yamasaki, H., & Takamiya, S. (2013). Study on Environment and Energy Using Belonging Materials. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Policy, 2(4), 50.

      [17] Chan, Wu-Chung, and Hong-Siou Guo. "Preparation of a Poly (Vinylalcohol) (PVA)/Peat/Organoclay/Kno3 Composite Bead as Biofilter Material for Biofiltration of Volatile Organic Compounds." The International Journal of Biotechnology 3, no. 2 (2014): 24-31.

      [18] Nwufo, B. T., Priscila, A. U., & Onche, E. U. (2014). Production of Cost-Effective Adsorbents from Native Materials. International Journal of Chemistry and Materials Research, 2(4), 30-35.

      [19] El-Agez, T. M., El-Ghamri, H. S., Abdel-Latif, M. S., Taya, S. A., & Alkanoo, A. A. (2014). Thermoelectricity Based on Cuo as a Semiconducting Material. International Journal of Chemistry and Materials Research, 2(12), 166-173.

      [20] Murugadoss, K., & Pasupathi, G. (2015). Hardness Studies on Solution Grown Lithium Potassium Sulphate Single Crystals–An Inorganic Nonlinear Optical Material. International Journal of Chemistry and Materials Research, 3(1), 11-16.

      [21] B. Ashraf, M. A. Radwan, M. A. Sadek, H. A. Elazab International Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE), 7, 1295-1298.

      [22] H. A. Elazab Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry, 8, 3314-3318.

      [23] H. A. Elazab Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry, 8, 3278-3281.

      [24] H. A. Elazab, M. A. Radwan, T. T. El-Idreesy International Journal of Nanoscience, 2018.

      [25] H. A. Elazab, M. A. Sadek, T. T. El-Idreesy Adsorption Science & Technology, 36, 1352-1365.

      [26] N. S. Samir, M. A. Radwan, M. A. Sadek, H. A. Elazab International Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE), 7, 1290-1294.

      [27] Fatma Zakaria, M. A. Radwan, M. A. Sadek, H. A. Elazab International Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE), 7, 2018.

      [28] Reem Nasser, M. A. Radwan, M. A. Sadek, H. A. Elazab International Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE), 7, 2018.

      [29] Mostafa Ghobashy, Mamdouh Gadallah, Tamer T. El-Idreesy, M. A. Sadek, H. A. Elazab International Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE), 7, 2018.

      [30] H. A. Elazab, M. A. Sadek, Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry, 8, 2018.

      [31] Hany A. Elazab, The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, volume 96, issue 10, 2018.




Article ID: 14081
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.14081

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.