Influence of lignosulfonic acids on the formation of magnetoactive compound in the redox reaction of iron(II) with chromate-anion

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    Chromium and its compounds are widely used in various industries. Wastewater from industrial enterprises using chromium compounds are subject to complete disposal at treatment facilities. The possibility of synthesizing a magnetoactive compound by oxidizing part of Fe(II) cations with chromate-anions in the presence of lignosulfonates was investigated. The magnetic activity was measured on Gouy balance, magnetic characteristics were determined by the magnetic granulometry method. It has been shown that the interaction of Fe(II) cations with chromate-anions passes with the formation of an water soluble intermediate without redox transformations at pH 3.4. Using method of the isomolar series, it was determined that the ratio of chromate-ions and Fe(II) cations in the intermediate is 1:2.33. The intermediate solution is stable for a long time. Synthesized magnetoactive compound samples are ferrimagnets. The use of lignosulfonate and the synthesis with heating can achieve a higher magnetic activity of magnetoactive compound. The optimal lignosulfonate consumption is 0.7 g/g Fe.



  • Keywords

    Chromate; Iron(II); Lignosulfonates; Magnetoactive compound; Complex.

  • References

      [1] Dermentzis K, Christoforidis A & Valsamidou E (2010) Removal of nickel, copper, zinc and chromium from synthetic and industrial wastewater by electrocoagulation. International Journal of Environmental Sciences 1, 697–710.

      [2] Pare S, Persson I, Guel B & Lundberg D (2013) Trivalent Chromium removal from Aqueous solution using Raw Natural Mixed Clay from BURKINA FASO. International Journal of Environmental Sciences 2, 30–37.

      [3] Cohen RR & Ozawa T (2013) Microbial Sulfate Reduction and Biogeochemistry of Arsenic and Chromium Oxyanions in Anaerobic Bioreactors. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 224, Article number 1732.

      [4] Gawande MB, Brancoa PS & Varma RS (2013) Nano-magnetite (Fe3O4) as a support for recyclable catalysts in the development of sustainable methodologies. Chemical Society Reviews 42, 3371–3393.

      [5] Kempe H & Kempe M (2010) The use of magnetite nanoparticles for implant-assisted magnetic drug targeting in thrombolytic therapy. Biomaterials 31, 9499–9510.

      [6] Mendoza ME, Donado F, Silva R & Perez MA (2005) Magnetite microcrystals for magneto-rheological fluids. Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids 66, 927– 931.

      [7] Bocanegra-Dias A, Mohallem NDS & Sinisterra RD (2003) Preparation of a ferrofluid using cyclodextrin and magnetite. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society 14, 936–941.

      [8] Breitzer J & Lisensky G (1999) Synthesis of aqueous ferrofluid. Journal of Chemical Education 76, 943–948.

      [9] Qiu L & Snaglewski AP (2015) Lithium adsorption on magnetite, lepidocrocite, and maghemite at elevated temperatures. Nuclear Science and Engineering. 179, 199–210.

      [10] Ishaq M, Sultan S, Ahmad I, Ullah H, Yaseen M & Amir A (2015) Adsorptive desulfurization of model oil using untreated, acid activated and magnetite nanoparticle loaded bentonite as adsorbent. Journal of Saudi Chemical Society 21, 143–151.

      [11] Basualto C, Gaete J, Molina L, Valenzuela F, Yañez C & Marco JF (2015) Lanthanide sorbent based on magnetite nanoparticles functionalized with organophosphorus extractants. Science and Technology of Advanced Materials 16, Article number 035010.

      [12] Sun X, Sun K & Liang Y (2015) Hydrothermal synthesis of magnetite: investigation of influence of aging time and mechanism. Micro & Nano Letters 10, 99–104.

      [13] Hyeon T (2003) Chemical synthesis of magnetic nanoparticles. Chemical Communications 8, 927–934.

      [14] Shen L, Laibinis PE & Hatton TA (1998) Bilayer Surfactant Stabilized Magnetic Fluids: Synthesis and Interactions at Interfaces. Langmuir 15, 447–453.

      [15] Massart R (1981) Preparation of aqueous magnetic liquids in alkaline and acidic media. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics 17, 1247–1248.

      [16] Subbotin KA, Mikhailichenko AI & Nefedova NV (2000) Effect of synthesis conditions on magnetic properties of magnetite. Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry 73, 1671–1675.

      [17] Hosseini-Monfared H, Parchegani F & Alavi S (2015) Carboxylic acid effects on the size and catalytic activity of magnetite nanoparticles. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 437, 1–9.

      [18] Sarkanen KV and Ludwig CH (1971) Lignins: Occurrence, formation, structure and reactions, Eds., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 916 p.

      [19] Babkin I, Brovko O, Iakovlev M, & Khabarov Yu (2013) Ferrofluid Synthesis Using Nitrosated Lignosulfonates. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 52, 7746–7751.

      [20] Chernavskii PA, Pankina GV, Lunin VV (2011) Magnetometric methods of investigation of supported catalysts. Russian Chemical Reviews 80, 579–604.

      [21] Lide D.R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. 88th. Edition. Boca Raton: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis. 2007. 2640 p.

      [22] Khabarov YuG, Kuzyakov NYu, Veshnyakov VA, Malkov AV, Shkaeva NV & Pankina GV (2017) Synthesis of a Magnetoactive Compound by the Interaction of Iron(II) Sulfate with Potassium Chromate. Russian Journal of Inorganic Chemistry 62, 230–234.




Article ID: 11875
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i2.23.11875

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.