Comparison of high gain power conditioners for photovoltaic applications with suitable maximum power point tracking

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    In this paper, a comparative study of high gain step-up converters of different topologies is taken place. Due to the increase in pollution, a shift towards a green energy is opted. The Photo Voltaic (PV) system is chosen as a source for the converters. To harvest maximum power from the PV, a suitable Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) technique is adapted. The different converters taken into considerations are Conventional Boost converter, Full Bridge Converter, Dual Active Bridge Converter and Single- Ended-primary-Inductor Converter SEPIC. The major goal of this paper is to extract high gain from the converter with minimum PV output. The complexity among the converters is analyzed and this comparison reveals the best converter for the PV system. The converters are simulated using MATLAB/Simulink.

     

     


  • Keywords


    Photo Voltaic; Conventional Boost; Single- Ended-Primary-Inductor Converter; Full Bridge Converter; Dual Active Bridge Converter.

  • References


      [1] Technology Roadmap-Solar photovoltaic energy, International Energy Agency; 2010. 〈www.iea-pvps.org〉 [accessed on December 19, 2015]

      [2] Wu, Jinshun, et al. "A review of thermal absorbers and their integration methods for the combined solar photovoltaic/thermal(PV/T) modules." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews (2016).

      [3] Pierrick Haurant, Christophe Ménézo, Leon Gaillard, Patrick Dupeyrat. Dynamic numerical model of a high efficiency PV–T collector integrated into a domestic hot water system. Sol Energy 2015;111:68–81 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2014.10.031.

      [4] Wang Gang, Quan Zhenhua, Zhao Yaohua, Sun Chenming, Deng Yuechao, Tong Jiannan. Experimental study on a novel PV/T air dual-heat-source composite heat pump hot water system. Energy Build 2015;108:175–84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2015.08.016.

      [5] María Herrando Christos N Markides, Klaus Hellgardt A. UK-based assessment of hybrid PV and solar-thermal systems for domestic heating and power: system performance. Appl Energy 2014;122:288–309. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.01.061.

      [6] Prince, M.B. and Wolf, M. (1958) ‘New developments in silicon photovoltaic devices’ , Journal of the British Institution of Radio Engineers, vol.18, no.10, pp.583,594.

      [7] McGee, J. (1958), ‘Photoelectric Cells-A Review of Progress’, , Transactions on IRE Component Parts, vol.5, no.1, pp.2,23.

      [8] H. J. M¨oller, Semiconductors for Solar Cells. Norwood, MA: Artech House, 1993.

      [9] M. G. Villalva, J. R. Gazoli, and E. R. Filho, “Comprehensive approach to modeling and simulation of photovoltaic arrays,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 1198–1208, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2009.2013862.

      [10] Sera, Dezso, Remus Teodorescu, and Pedro Rodriguez. "PV panel model based on datasheet values." Industrial Electronics, 2007. ISIE 2007. IEEE International Symposium on. IEEE, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISIE.2007.4374981.

      [11] Rasool, Fahad, et al. "PV panel modeling with improved parameter extraction technique." Solar Energy 153 (2017): 519-530. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2017.05.078.

      [12] Faranda, Roberto, Sonia Leva, and V. Maugeri. "MPPT techniques for PV systems: Energetic and cost comparison." Power and Energy Society General Meeting-Conversion and Delivery of Electrical Energy in the 21st Century, 2008 IEEE. IEEE, 2008.

      [13] Gupta, Abhishek Kumar, and Ravi Saxena. "Review on widely-used MPPT techniques for PV applications." Innovation and Challenges in Cyber Security (ICICCS-INBUSH), 2016 International Conference on. IEEE, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICICCS.2016.7542321.

      [14] Hohm, D. P., and M. E. Ropp. "Comparative study of maximum power point tracking algorithms using an experimental, programmable, maximum power point tracking test bed." Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2000. Conference Record of the Twenty-Eighth IEEE. IEEE, 2000 https://doi.org/10.1109/PVSC.2000.916230.

      [15] Roshan, Rajiv, et al. "Modeling and simulation of incremental conductance MPPT algorithm based solar photo voltaic system using CUK converter." Energy Efficient Technologies for Sustainability (ICEETS), 2013 International Conference on. IEEE, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICEETS.2013.6533450.

      [16] Esram, Trishan, and Patrick L. Chapman. "Comparison of photovoltaic array maximum power point tracking techniques." IEEE Transactions on energy conversion 22.2 (2007): 439-449. https://doi.org/10.1109/TEC.2006.874230.

      [17] Suwannatrai, Phattara, Pisit Liutanakul, and Pongpit Wipasuramonton. "Maximum power point tracking by incremental conductance method for photovoltaic systems with phase shifted full-bridge dc-dc converter." Electrical Engineering/Electronics, Computer, Telecommunications and Information Technology (ECTI-CON), 2011 8th International Conference on. IEEE, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1109/ECTICON.2011.5947920.

      [18] Lingle, John T. "Reliable energy conversion power systems for space flight." IEEE Transactions on Aerospace 3.2 (1965): 543-549. https://doi.org/10.1109/TA.1965.4319850.

      [19] B. R. Lin, "Full-bridge DC/DC converter with wide ZVS range," in Electronics Letters, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 104-106, 1 19 2017.

      [20] Safaee, P. K. Jain and A. Bakhshai, "An Adaptive ZVS Full-Bridge DC–DC Converter With Reduced Conduction Losses and Frequency Variation Range," in IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 30, no. 8, pp. 4107-4118, Aug. 2015. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2014.2357815.

      [21] R. Lin and T. Y. Shiau, "Zero-voltage switching full-bridge DC/DC converter with parallel-connected output and without output inductor," in IET Power Electronics, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 505-515, March 2013. https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-pel.2012.0426.

      [22] M. Hallworth, B. A. Potter and S. A. Shirsavar, "Analytical calculation of resonant inductance for zero voltage switching in phase-shifted full-bridge converters," in IET Power Electronics, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 523-534, March 2013. https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-pel.2012.0461.

      [23] Z. Chen, S. Liu and L. Shi, "Improved zero-voltage-switching pulse width modulation full bridge converter with self-regulating auxiliary current," in IET Power Electronics, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 287-296, Feb. 2013. https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-pel.2012.0500.

      [24] B. R. Lin, "Analysis and implementation of wide zero-voltage switching dual full-bridge converters," in IET Power Electronics, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 751-760, 3 30 2016.

      [25] J. H. Kim, I. O. Lee and G. W. Moon, "Integrated Dual Full-Bridge Converter With Current-Doubler Rectifier for EV Charger," in IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 942-951, Feb. 2016. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2015.2417571.

      [26] M. C. Mira, Z. Zhang, A. Knott and M. A. E. Andersen, "Analysis, Design, Modeling, and Control of an Interleaved-Boost Full-Bridge Three-Port Converter for Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems," in IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 1138-1155, Feb. 2017. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2016.2549015.

      [27] X. Wu, H. Chen, J. Zhang, F. Peng and Z. Qian, "Interleaved Phase-Shift Full-Bridge Converter With Transformer Winding Series–Parallel Autoregulated (SPAR) Current Doubler Rectifier," in IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 30, no. 9, pp. 4864-4873, Sept. 2015. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2014.2362941.

      [28] J. Zhang, H. Wu, X. Qin and Y. Xing, "PWM Plus Secondary-Side Phase-Shift Controlled Soft-Switching Full-Bridge Three-Port Converter for Renewable Power Systems," in IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 62, no. 11, pp. 7061-7072, Nov. 2015. https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2015.2448696.

      [29] Hintz, U. R. Prasanna and K. Rajashekara, "Comparative Study of the Three-Phase Grid-Connected Inverter Sharing Unbalanced Three-Phase and/or Single-Phase systems," in IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 52, no. 6, pp. 5156-5164, Nov.-Dec. 2016. https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2016.2593680.

      [30] G. G. Oggier, G. O. GarcÍa and A. R. Oliva, "Switching Control Strategy to Minimize Dual Active Bridge Converter Losses," in IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 1826-1838, July 2009. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2009.2020902.

      [31] K. Jain and R. Ayyanar, "Pwm control of dual active bridge: Comprehensive analysis and experimental verification," in IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 1215-1227, April 2011. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2010.2070519.

      [32] Li, Jingxin, et al. "Minimize Current Stress of Dual-Active-Bridge DC-DC Converters for Electric Vehicles Based on Lagrange Multipliers Method." Energy Procedia 105 (2017): 2733-2738. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.924.

      [33] Yangjun Lu, Hongfei Wu, Yan Xing and Kai Sun, "A dual-active-bridge converter-based high step-up converter with voltage-multiplier for high-efficiency PV application," 2015 IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), Charlotte, NC, 2015, pp. 1112-1117.

      [34] Kheraluwala MN, Gascoigne RW, Divan DM, Baumann ED. Performance characterization of a high-power dual active bridge dc-to-dc converter. IEEE Trans Indust Appl 1992;28(6):1294–301. https://doi.org/10.1109/28.175280.

      [35] De Doncker RWAA, Divan DM, Kheraluwala MH. A three-phase soft-switched high-power-density dc/dc converter for high-power applications. IEEE Trans, Indust Appl 1991;27(1):63–73. https://doi.org/10.1109/28.67533.

      [36] Tao H, Kotsopoulos A, Duarte J, Hendrix MAM, A soft-switched three-port bidirectional converter for fuel cell and supercapacitor applications, In: Power Electronics Specialists Conference, 2005. PESC ’05. IEEE 36th, 2005, pp. 2487– 2493. https://doi.org/10.1109/PESC.2005.1581982.

      [37] Oggier GG, García GO, Oliva AR. Switching control strategy to minimize dual active bridge converter losses. IEEE Trans Power Electr 2009;24(7):1826–38. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2009.2020902.

      [38] Rongyuan L, Pottharst A, Frohleke N, Bocker J. Analysis and design of improved isolated full-bridge bidirectional dc–dc converter, In: Power ElectronicsSpecialists Conference, 2004. PESC 04. 2004 IEEE 35th Annual, Vol. 1, 2004, pp. 521–526 Vol.1. https://doi.org/10.1109/PESC.2004.1355801.

      [39] Krismer F, Round S, Kolar JW. Performance optimization of a high current dual active bridge with a wide operating voltage range, In: Power Electronics Specialists Conference, 2006. PESC ’06. 37th IEEE, 2006, pp. 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1109/PESC.2006.1712096.

      [40] Mirzahosseini R, Tahami F. A phase-shift three-phase bidirectional series resonant dc/dc converter, In: IECON 2011 - 37th Annual Conference on IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, 2011, pp. 1137–1143.

      [41] Molina JM, Garcia O, Asensi R, Alou P, Oliver JA, Cobos JA. Adaptive control for zvs three phase full active bridge converter with arcn, in: IEEE- Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), Twenty-Seventh Annual, 2012, pp. 1324–1330. https://doi.org/10.1109/APEC.2012.6165991.

      [42] Xuan Z, Shenghua H, Guoyun N. A three-phase dual active bridge bidirectional zvs dc/dc converter. Phys Proc 24, Part A 2012(0):139–48.

      [43] van Hoek H, Neubert M, De Doncker RW. Enhanced modulation strategy for a three-phase dual active bridge-boosting efficiency of an electric vehicle IEEE converter. Trans Power Electron 2013;28(12):5499–507. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2013.2251905.

      [44] Patarau, Toma, et al. "A comparison between sepic and buck-boost converters used in maximum power point trackers." Electronics Technology (ISSE), 2011 34th International Spring Seminar on. IEEE, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISSE.2011.6053895.

      [45] de Sousa, Jefferson M., et al. "High voltage gain Buck-Boost DC-DC converter based on Three-State Switching Cell." Power Electronics Conference and 1st Southern Power Electronics Conference (COBEP/SPEC), 2015 IEEE 13th Brazilian. IEEE, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1109/COBEP.2015.7420188.

      [46] Johnson, Michael J. "Improvement of stability in current-programmed SEPIC DC/DC converters." Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, 1991. APEC'91. Conference Proceedings, 1991., Sixth Annual. IEEE, 1991. https://doi.org/10.1109/APEC.1991.146213.

      [47] Saravanan, Subramani, and Neelakandan Ramesh Babu. "A modified high step-up non-isolated DC-DC converter for PV application." Journal of Applied Research and Technology15.3 (2017): 242-249. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jart.2016.12.008.

      [48] Pop, Ovidiu, et al. "Power factor correction circuit with a new modified SEPIC converter." Electronics Technology: Concurrent Engineering in Electronic Packaging, 2001. 24th International Spring Seminar on. IEEE, 2001. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISSE.2001.931026.

      [49] Elankurisil, S. A., V. P. Deepika, and J. Baskaran. "Comparison of controllers in SEPIC DC-DC Converter with high gain." Computation of Power, Energy Information and Commuincation (ICCPEIC), 2015 International Conference on. IEEE, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICCPEIC.2015.7259450.


 

View

Download

Article ID: 11018
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.11018




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.