Energy Efficient and robust routing with RPAR Protocol in Ad Hoc Networks

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    In ad hoc network, the topology of network changes frequently due to the mobile nature of nodes where the communication is possible without any fixed network infrastructure. Mobile nodes are battery operated and so energy efficient routing should be provided which increases the network life time. The existing routing mechanisms do not consider both hop count and energy of nodes for data transmission. In this paper we propose a routing mechanism where data transfer from source to destination is based on the minimum hop count and residual energy of mobile nodes. The proposed RPAR protocol shows better performance when compared to existing Energy power aware routing  protocol .The analysis is carried out by using network simulator (NS-2), the simulation results shows that the proposed routing mechanism provides energy efficient and reliable  routing in ad hoc networks.


  • Keywords


    RPAR, EPAR, Residual energy, Energy efficient routing, Network life time.

  • References


      [1] Shivashankar, Hosahalli, Narayanagowda Suresh, Golla Varaprasad and Guruswamy jayanthi “Designing Energy Routing Protocol with Power Consumption Optimization in Manet”IEEE Transactions on emerging topics in computing VOL 2 ,NO 2, June 2014.

      [2] Joshua Reginald Pullagura, Dr D.Venkata rao ” An efficient and reliable cooperative Multicast routing based on Hop tree in Ad-hoc Networks” IEEE-ICACCS-2016; DOI: 10.1109 /ICACCS. 2016.7586365.

      [3] J.Vazifehdan,R.Venkatesha Prasad and I.Niemegeers, “Energy-Efficient Reliable Routing Considering Residual Energy in Wireles Ad hoc Networks”,IEEE Trans, on Mobile Computing,Vol.13,No.2,February 2014.

      [4] Q.Dong,S.Banerjee,M.Adler,and Misra, ”Minimum Energy Reliable Paths Using Unreliable Wireless Links”,Proc. ACM MobiHoc,pp.449-459,May 2005.

      [5] D.S.J.De Couto,D.Aguayo,J.Bicket,and R.Morris,”A High Throughput Path Metric for Multi-Hop Wireless Routing”,Proc.ACM MobiCom,pp.134-146,2003 .

      [6] S.Singh and C.Raghavendra”PAMAS-Power Aware Multi Access Protocol with Signalling for Ad Hoc Neworks,”ACM Computer Comm.Rev.Vol.28,pp.5-26,1999.

      [7] J.Gomez,A .T.Campbell ,M.Naghshinneh and C.Bisdikian,”PARO: Supporting Dynamic Power Controlled Routing in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks”,Vol.9,No.5,pp.443-460,2003.

      [8] C.Toh,”Maximum Battery Life Routing to Support Ubiquitous Mobile Computing in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks”,IEEE Comm. Magazine,Vol.39,No.6,pp.138-147,June 2001.

      [9] D.Kim,J.J.G.Luna Aceves,K.Obraczka,J.Carlos Cano,and P.Manzoni,”Routing Mechanism for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Based on the Energy Drain Rate”,IEEE Trans.Mobile Computing, Vol.2,pp.161*173,April-June 2003.

      [10] J.H.Chang and L.Tassiulas,”Maximum Life Time Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks”, IEEE/ACM Trans.Networking, Vol.12, No.4,pp.609-619,August 2004.

      [11] D.J.Vergados,N.A.Pantazis,and D.D.Vergados, ”Energy-Efficient Route Selection Strategies for Wireless Sensor Networks”,Mobile Networks and Applications,Vol.13,No.3-4,pp..285-296, August 2008.

      [12] A,Misra and S.Banerjee,”MRPC:Maximizing Network Lifetime for Reliable Routing in Wireless Environments”,Proc.IEEE Wireless Comm.and Networking Conf. (WCNC’02), pp.800-806,2002.

      [13] Joshua Reginald Pullagura, Srikant Perala, Dr.D.venkata rao "Attacks on Mobile Adhoc Networks:A Survey. IJCA Proceedings on Emerging trends in Computing 2017

      [14] A.Akhtar, A. Ali Minhas, and S. Jabbar, ”Energy Aware Intra Cluster Routing for Wireless Ad Hoc Networks”, International Journal of Hybrid Information Technology Vol.3,No.1, January, 2010.


 

View

Download

Article ID: 10148
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i1.1.10148




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.