Dark and singular soliton solutions of perturbed Gerdjikov-Ivanov equation via the first integral method


  • Salam Subhaschandra Singh Physics Department, Imphal College, Imphal,Manipur, India.






Fiber Optics, First Integral Method, Gerdjikov-Ivanov Equation, Group Velocity Dispersion, Solitons.


This paper employs the first integral method in obtaining dark and singular soliton solutions of perturbed Gerdjikov-Ivanov equation showing that the method is a powerful tool for finding exact solutions of many nonlinear evolution (NLE) equations which are found in the studies of social dynamics, nonlinear science and engineering.




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