Improving the reading skills of Jordanian students with auditory discrimination problems
Keywords:Auditory Discrimination, Jordan, Learning Disability, Reading Skills, Special Education, Training Program.
Background: Some of the developmental problems facing students with difficulties in learning are those related to auditory perception which, in turn, can negatively affect the individualâ€™s learning process.
Aim: Evaluating a training program prepared to develop the auditory discrimination skills of students who suffer from auditory discrimination problems.
Design: A quasi-experimental research design was used in this study. The study sample was divided into two equal groups: experimental and control.
Participants and setting: The population of the study consists of students with learning difficulties from the second, third and fourth grades, whose ages range between 7-9 years old. Also involved were those enrolled in the resource rooms affiliated to the Jordanian Ministry of Education in Irbid province, amounting to (120) boy and girl students for the school year 2013- 2014.
Results: The study showed that there was a significant difference in favor of the experimental group which indicated that the training program was effective. It helped the students with auditory discrimination problems to improve their reading skills. The results also showed a significant difference in favor of the students of older age in the experimental group. At the same time there were no significant differences in reading performance changes concerning gender.
 Ahmmed, A. U., Ahmmed, A. A., Bath, J. R., Ferguson, M. A., Plack, C. J., & Moore, D. R. (2014). Assessment of children with suspected auditory processing disorder: a factor analysis study. Ear & Hearing (01960202), 35(3), 295-305 11p. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.aud.0000441034.02052.0a.
 Al Waqfi, R., &Al Keylani, A. (1998).Mjmoat Alikhtebarat Alidrakiah [perception test group].Amman: Koliat Alamirh Thrwat.
 Alais, D., Orchard-Mills, E., & Van der Burg, E. (2015). Auditory frequency perception adapts rapidly to the immediate past. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 77(3), 896-906. http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13414-014-0812-2.
 ALBashtawy M, Batiha AM, Tawalbeh L, Tubaishat A, and Manar AlAzzam M. (2014). Self-Medication among School Students. The Journal of School Nursing; http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1059840514554837.
 ALBashtawy M, Alshloul M, Alkawaldeh A, Freij M, Omar AL-Rawajfah O, Gharaibeh H, Almansi S, ALghzawi H, Al-Khateeb A, Tawalbeh L, Batiha AM, Al-Rshoud Y. (2014). Looking at school nursesâ€™ roles in tackling overweight and obesity. British Journal of School Nursing; 9 (8), 17-19. http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/bjsn.2014.9.8.402.
 Al-Natour, M., AlKhamra, H., & Al-Smadi, Y. (2008). Assessment of learning disabled students in Jordan: Current practices and obstacles. International Journal of Special Education, 23(2), 68-74.
 Andersen, P. N., Egeland, J., & Ã˜ie, M. (2013). Learning and Memory Impairments in Children and Adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 46(5), 453-460 8p. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022219412437040.
 Apola-Piokowska, S. (2011). Corresponding between central auditory processing disorders and learning difficulties in 3rd grade students. Journal of Hearing Science, 1(3), 60-62 3p.
 Batiha A.-M. (2014). Pain Management Barriers in Critical Care Units: A Qualitative study. International Journal of Advanced Nursing Studies; 3, 1, 1-5.
 Batiha AM & AL Bashtawy M. (2013). Knowledge of Philadelphia University students regarding blood Donation. Transfusion Medicine; 23,195- 198. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tme.12027.
 Boliek, C., Keintz, C., Norrix, L., & Obrzut, J. (2010). Auditory-visual perception of speech in children with learning disabilities: the McGurk Effect. Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology & Audiology, 34(2), 124-131 8p.
 Brown I, Anand S, Fung WLA, et al. (2003). Family quality of life: Canadian results from an international study. J Dev Phys Disabil; 15(3): 207â€“230. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1024931022773.
 Cherry, R. S., & Kruger, B. (1983). Selective Auditory Attention Abilities of Learning Disabled and Normal Achieving Children. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 16(4), 202-205. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/002221948301600405.
 Datchuk, S. M., & Kubina, R. M. (2013). A Review of Teaching Sentence-Level Writing Skills to Students with Writing Difficulties and Learning Disabilities. Remedial & Special Education, 34(3), 180-192 13p. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0741932512448254.
 Dietrich, J. A. (1994). The Effect of Auditory Perception Training on the Reading Ability of Adult Poor Readers. Available from: ERIC, Ipswich, MA. Accessed October 15, 2015. http://www.eric.ed.gov/contentdelivery/servlet/ERICServlet?accno=ED367964
 Filippini, R., Befi-Lopes, D., & Schochat, E. (2013). Efficacy of Auditory Training Using the Auditory Brainstem Response to Complex Sounds: Auditory Processing Disorder and Specific Language Impairment. Folia Phoniatrica ET Logopaedica, 64(5), 217-226 10p. http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000342139.
 Gill J and Fazil Q. (2013). Derogation of â€˜â€˜duty of careâ€™â€™ in favour of â€˜â€˜choiceâ€™â€™? J Adult Protect; 15(5): 258â€“270. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/JAP-12-2012-0028.
 Herrmann, B. D. (2012). Auditory perception and syntactic cognition: brain activity-based decoding within and across subjects. European Journal of Neuroscience, 35(9), 1488-1496. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2012.08053.x.
 Kass, C. E., & Maddux, C. D. (2005). A Human Development View of Learning Disabilities: From Theory to Practice. 2nd Edition. Charles C. Thomas, Publisher, Ltd.
 Kozhushko, N., Evdokimov, S., Matveev, Y., Tereshchenko, E., & Kropotov, Y. (2014). Study of local EEG specificities in children with mental development disorders using independent component analysis. Human Physiology, 40(5), 497-503. http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S0362119714050077.
 Lerner, J. (2000). Learning disabilities: Theories, diagnosis, and teaching strategies. Boston, New York: Houghton Mifflin Co.
 Mercer, C. (1997). Student with learning disabilities. (5th Ed) USA: Prentece â€“ Hall.
 Moossavi, A., Mehrkian, S., Lotfi, Y., Faghihzadeh, S., & sajedi, H. (2014). The relation between working memory capacity and auditory lateralization in children with auditory processing disorders. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 78(11), 1981-1986. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2014.09.003.
 Othman, N., & Amiruddin, M. H. (2010). Different Perspectives of Learning Styles from VARK Model. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 7(1), 652-660. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.10.088.
 Scheffler, R. M., Brown, T. T., Fulton, B. D., Hinshaw, S. P., Levine, P., & Stone, S. (2009). Positive Association between Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Medication Use and Academic Achievement during Elementary School. Pediatrics, 123(5), 1273-1279. http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2008-1597.
 Tawalbeh L, Tubaishat A, Batiha AM, Al-Azzam M, ALBashtawy M. (2013) The relationship between social support and adherence to healthy lifestyle among patients with coronary artery disease in the North of Jordan. Clinical Nursing Research; http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1054773813501194.