DWT-based Illumination Normalization and Feature Extraction for Enhanced Face Recognition

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  • Abstract

    Face recognition (FR) under varying lighting conditions is challenging, and exacting illumination invariant features is an effective approach to solve this problem. In this paper, we propose to utilize Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) for normalizing the illumination variance in images as well as for feature extraction. Individual stages of the FR system are examined and an attempt is made to improve each stage. A Binary Particle Swarm Optimization (BPSO) based feature selection algorithm is used to search the feature space for the optimal feature subset. Experimental results, obtained by applying the proposed algorithm on YaleB and Color FERET face databases, show that the proposed system outperforms other FR systems. A significant increase in the recognition rate and a substantial reduction in the number of features is observed. Dimensionality reduction obtained is more than 99% for both YaleB and Color FERET databases.




Article ID: 353
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v1i4.353

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