Cost benefit analysis of flexible and rigid pavements of rural roads using rice husk ash and stone dust as additives

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    In today scenario of Infrastructure development, Road network development plays an important role. Lack of stable ground for the construction of roads is very common especially when subgrade is made of expansive soil subjected to alternate swelling and shrinkage. Making of a suitable ground is a real challenging issue for Geotechnical Engineers. To overcome the difficulties experienced with problematic soil on one side and to make a path for safe disposal of waste materials on the other side, an at-tempt is needed to explore the possibilities of utilizing waste materials to improve the engineering behaviour of problematic soil.

    Disposal of waste materials on the landfill can be minimized if the waste which possess desirable properties can be utilized for various geotechnical application viz. reclamation of land and embankment construction etc. Rice husk ash and stone dust are such waste materials when blended with soil along with cement and lime separately can be of great advantage in reducing swell and shrinkage of expansive soils and make the ground more stable in consideration of rural road subgrades with problematic soils.

    This project works with the basic aim of laboratory mixing of rice husk ash and stone dust with lime and cement separately and variation of Atterberg limits, CBR were studied. Then by means of IRC SP 72-2015 and IRC SP62:2014 flexible and cement concrete pavement designs were made for improved CBR by using rice husk ash and stone dust as additives independently to cement and lime stabilized the soil. This project also aims at providing a cost-effective solution for rural subgrade by means of cost-benefit analysis of various mixes viz. soil – lime- rice husk ash, soil - lime - stone dust mixes, soil-cement-rice husk ash and soil-cement-stone dust mixes.




  • Keywords

    Rural Roads; Rice Husk Ash, Stone Dust, Flexible Pavement Design; Cement Concrete Pavement Design; Cost Benefit Analysis.

  • References

      [1] Adrian. O. Eberemu, (2011). Consolidation Properties of Compacted Lateritic Soil Treated with Rice Husk Ash, Geo materials, (1), 70-78.

      [2] A.A. Amadi, A. S Osu (April 2016), Effect of Curing Time on Strength Development in Black Cotton Soil-Quarry Fines Composite Stabilized with Cement Kiln Dust (CKD), Journal of King Saud University, Engineering Sciences, HTTP // 10.1016 / j.jksues. 2016. 04.001.

      [3] Arun Patidar, D.R. H.T.K.Mahiyar, (Nov-Dec. 2014), An Experimental Study on Stabilization of Black Cotton Soil Using HDPE Wastage fibres, Stone Dust and Lime, International Journal of Advanced Scientific and Technical Research, No:6, 4, 90-98, ISSN 2249-9954.

      [4] Aditya Chansoria, R.K.Yadav, (February 2016), Effect of Quarry Dust on Index Properties of Black Cotton Soil, International Journal for Scientific Research and Development, No.4, 02, 1425-1427.

      [5] Agus Setyo Muntohar, Swelling characteristics and improvement of expansive soil with rice husk ash, Department of Civil Engineering, Muhammadiyah University of Yogyakarta.

      [6] Arshad Husain; Abad, K. R.; Khan, (2014), Swelling properties of improved expansive soil by rice husk ash (RHA) and silica fume (SF), International Archive of Alied Sciences and Technology 2014 .5 No.3 .22-29 ref.21.

      [7] Akshaya Kumar Sabat, (January 2013) Engineering Properties of an Expansive Soil Stabilized with Rice husk ash and Lime sludge, International Journal of Engineering and Technology 5(6), 4826-4833.

      [8] Agus Setyo Muntohar, The influence of molding water content and lime content on the strength of stabilized soil with lime and rice husk ash, Civil Engineering Dimension, 7, 1, 1-5.

      [9] Alhassan, Musa & Mohammed, Mustapha. (2007). Effect of Rice Husk Ash on Cement Stabilized Laterite. Leonardo Electronic Journal of Practices and Technologies. 11, 47-58.

      [10] Chun-Yang Yin, Hilmi Bin Mahmud, Md Ghazaly Shaaban, (11 October 2006). Stabilization/solidification of lead-contaminated soil using cement and rice husk ash. 137, 3, 1758-1764.

      [11] Dr. D. Koteswara Rao, G.V.V. Rameswara Rao, P.R.T. Pranav, A (July 2012) Laboratory Study on the Effect of Rice Husk Ash & Lime on the Properties of Marine Clay, International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology (IJEIT) (2).

      [12] H.Venkateswarlu, A.C.S.V Prasad, Dr DSV Prasad, DR.G.V.R Prasada Raju (April 2015), Study on Behaviour of Expansive Soil Treated with Quarry Dust, International Journal of Engineering and Innovative research, No. 4, 10, 193-196.

      [13] Iloeje Amechi Francis, &Aniago Venantus, (2013). Models and Optimization of Rice Husk Ash-Clay Soil Stabilization. Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 7, 1260-1266.

      [14] Jijo James, P.Kasinatha Pandian (January2016) Industrial Wastes as Auxiliary Additives to Cement/Lime Stabilization of Soils, Hindawi Publishing Corporation Advances in Civil Engineering, Article ID 1267391, 17 pages

      [15] Khushbu S. Gandhi, Stabilization of Expansive Soil of Surat Region using Rice Husk Ash & Marble Dust, International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology, ISSN 2277 – 4106.

      [16] Laxmikant Yadu, Rajesh Kumar Tripathi, Dharamveer Singh, (October 2011). Comparison of Fly Ash and Rice Husk Ash Stabilized Black Cotton Soil, International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering, ISSN 0974-5904, (04), No 06 SPL, 42-45.

      [17] Leonardo Behak (March 2017) Soil Stabilization with Rice Husk Ash Chapter 2, Soils stabilization in Pavement Engineering, published by Intech publishers,

      [18] M.Heeralal, S.Shankar, Laboratory Investigation on Rut Depth Potential of Flexible Pavement laid Over Morrum and Lateritic Soil Subgrade, International Journal of Advanced Engineering Technology E-ISSN, 0976-3945.

      [19] Musa Alhassan (Oct. 2008). Permeability of Lateritic Soil Treated with Lime and Rice Husk Ash. AU J.T. 12(2), 115-120.

      [20] M. Harikumar. (2016). Experimental investigation on the Suitability of using Rice husk ash and Lime for Soil stabilization. International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research. 7. 58-61.

      [21] . Subramanyam M.S, Lee Lih Cheran & Lee So Cheran, (1981) Use of rice husk ash for soil stabilization, Geol. Soc. Malaysia. Bulletin 14. December; 143-151.

      [22] Mohammed Y. Fattah, Falah H. Rahil, Kawther Y. H. Al-Soudany, (2013) Improvement of Clayey Soil Characteristics Using Rice Husk Ash, Journal of Civil Engineering and Urbanism, (3), 1, 12-18.

      [23] Naranagowda M.J, Bharath.B, Bahubali S.J, Darshan K.R, Kiran Kumar S, (August 2016), An Experimental Study on Stabilization of Black Cotton Soil by using Quarry Dust and Lime Mixture, International Journal of Engineering Research, No.5, No.8, 654-656.

      [24] Prakash M and Jeyanthi J (2013) Effect of rice husk ash and fly ash on engineering properties of expansive soil, Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference, 22- 24.

      [25] Onyelowe.Ken C., Okafor F.O, Nwascghukwu D, (October 2012) Geophysical Use of Quarry Dust (as Admixture) as Allied to Soil Stabilization and Modification- A Review, ARPN Journal of Earth Sciences, No.1, 1, 6-8.

      [26] P.Indiramma, Ch.Sudharani (June 2014), Variation of Properties of an Expansive Soil Mixed with Quarry Dust and Fly Ash, International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, No.4, Special No.4, 51-54.

      [27] Pradeep Muley, Dr.P.K.Jain, Mr Rajeev Jain, 2010, Experimental Studies on Utilization of Murrum as Hard Shoulder Material International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, No.2, 9, 4896-4901.

      [28] R. Oviya, R.Manikandan, An Experimental Investigation On Stabilizing The Soil Using Rice Husk Ash With Lime As Admixture, International Journal of Informative & Futuristic Research, 3 9 May 2016 ISSN 2347-1697.

      [29] Rama Devi. B, Satyanarayana.P.V.V, Surya Manikantha.A, Rama Krishna.T. (May 2016). Impact of RHA on Expansive soils in Road Construction, International Journal of Engineering Science and Innovative Technology (IJESIT) (5), 3.

      [30] K.Suresh, V.Padmavathi, Apsar Sultana (December 2019), Experimental Study on Stabilization of Black Cotton Soil with Stone Dust and Fibres Indian Geotechnical Conference, 502-506.

      [31] Shyam Prakash Koganti, Dr Hanumantha Rao Chaidi (2016), Strength Characteristics of Expansive Soil and Murrum using Quarry Dust, Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, No.16, 1799-1808.

      [32] Sabat, A.K., and Das.S.K. (2009), Design of Low Volume Rural Roads using Lime Stabilized Expansive Soil-Quarry Dust Mixes Subgrade, Indian Highways, No.23, 9, 21-27.

      [33] Sabat, A.K., (2012), Statistical Models for Prediction of Swelling Pressure of a Stabilized Expansive Soil Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ume No .17, E, 651-660.

      [34] Sabat, A.K, Bose, B. (2013), Improvement in Geotechnical Properties of Expansive Soil using Fly Ash-Quarry Dust Mixes Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, No .18, Q, 3487-3500.

      [35] V.K. Sowmya, P. Dilsha, (December 2013) ,Effect of rice husk ash on strength and durability of lime stabilized black cotton soil. Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference, Roorkee. 22- 24.

      [36] Yulvi Zaika, Agoes Soeharjono, Ruslin Anwar (2015), Improving Expansive Soil by Using Combination of Rice Husk Ash and Fly Ash, 20, Bund. 8.




Article ID: 29018
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.29018

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.