F1 hybrid rice growth differences in growing conditions

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    One effort to increase national rice production is to utilize dry land, this is because many wetlands changed into the non-agricultural sector. On the other hand, the productivity of rice in dry land is generally lower than paddy rice, because farmers typically use local varieties because it feels suit the tastes of the local community. For that, there need to be new varieties that have high production and flavor to taste the communities where these varieties will be developed. This is to increase the interest of farmers grows rice on dry land. Assembly of new varieties has been conducted in Phase-1 and the resulting F1 hybrid plants (JTLDR-G-416). This study aims to determine the yield potential of the F1 hybrid plants in different soil conditions, namely rice paddies, and fields. Placement varieties in the field using a randomized block design and repeated 4 times. The varieties used are F1 hybrids, varieties (Parental Jati Luhur and Dayang Rindu), as well as high-yielding varieties (Inpago-7 and Ciherang). The parameters studied were plant height, number of tillers per hill, number of panicles per hill, number of grains per panicle, filled grains per cent, grain weight of 1000 grains and grain weight per clump. The results showed that the production of the F1 hybrid is better than the varieties Lady Longing and Jati Luhur. If F1 hybrids planted in the fields, then a higher production ± 7.1% compared with the dry land.



  • Keywords

    The Results of the F1 Hybrid; Multi-State; Dry Rice.

  • References

      [1] Abdullah, B., Tjokrowidodo, and Sularjo, "The development and assembly of new plant type prospects in Indonesia”, Journal of Agricultural Research. Vol 27 No 17 (2008), pp: 1-9. http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/jppp/article/view/7771/6735

      [2] Andoko, A. 2005, In Organic Rice Farming, Governmental spreader, Jakarta, 96 p.

      [3] Asfaruddin, 1997, Evaluation consideration of upland rice strains to aluminum toxicity and efficiency in the use of potassium, Thesis, IPB graduate programs, Bogor.

      [4] Central Bureau of Statistics, Banyuasin 2016, In Figures.

      [5] Edis. Mildaerizanti, dan D. Novriati, “The Study of Growth and Result Potential The Tolerant Drought Of Local Varieties Upland Rice”, Prosiding Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal (2015), Palembang 8-9 Oktober 2015. ISBN: 979-587-580-9.

      [6] Gusmiatun, 2015. “Performance of Agronomical Characteristics of Rainfed Rice Varieties at Ogan Ilir District, South Sumatra Province”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Science & Technology, Vol 5, No.2, May (2015) pp 27-35, http://www.ijerst.com/previousissue.php?year=2016&issue=2

      [7] Husana, Y, 2010, Influence of Plant Spacing on the Growth and Production of Rice.

      [8] IRRI, 1996, Standard evaluation system for rice (SES). 4th ed, International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Philippines.

      [9] Lakitan. B, 2008, Fundamentals of Plant Physiology, King Grafindo Persada, Jakarta, 205 p.

      [10] Mangoendidjojo. W, “Analysis of Genotype x Environment interaction for estate Crops. (a case study on tea crop ) (in Indonesia)“, Zuriat Vol 11 (2000). Pp 15-21. http://jurnal.unpad.ac.id/zuriat.

      [11] Masdar, ”Interaction of Plant Spacing and Number of seed per Planting hole in Rice Intensification System on Plant vegetative growth” Akta Agrosia, Special Edition (1): 92-98. http://repository.unib.ac.id/.

      [12] Murata, Y. And S. Matsushima 1978 "Rice" In Evans. LT (Ed.) Crop Physiology. Cambridge, University Press, Cambridge, P. 73-99.

      [13] Roesmarkam, A and NW Yuwono, 2002. Soil Fertility Studies. Canisius Yogyakarta.

      [14] Sembiring H, 2008, Research policy and a summary of the research of rice BB in supporting the national rice production, In: Proceedings of the Seminar Appreciation Rice Research Support P2BN. Rice Research Institute. 39-59.

      [15] Soemardi, 2005, Morphology Sistematika and rice. http://hirupbagja.blogspot .com / 2009/09 / morphology-plant-padi.html, Accessed on 03 April 2017.

      [16] Suryana, A. 2008, Technical Guidelines for Integrated Crop field. Management (PTT) Upland Rice, agricultural research. Department Development Agency of Agriculture. p. 7.

      [17] Wagiyano, W., Laiwan, Z., and Sanisah, “Growth and results from Ciherang Rice Varieties with Cultivation Techniques "SRI (System of Rice Intensification) in Different Age and Number of seeds per hole Planting”, Crop Agro, Vol 2 No.1 (2009), pp 70-78.

      [18] Agricultural Research and Development Agency, 2011. Minister of Agriculture Regulation Number 61 / Mapping / O T.140 / 10/2011 concerning Testing, Assessment, Release and Withdrawal of Varieties, Agricultural Research Agency; 2011. Jakarta. Ministry of Agriculture. https://cropagro.unram.ac.id/index.php/caj/issue/view/2.




Article ID: 25333
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.25333

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.