A New Model on Mixed Reality for 3 Dimensional (3D) Geospatial Terrain in Enhancing the Situational Awareness amongst Military Decision Makers’

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    Decision making process in military require military who are capable and highly skilled of having a complete set of skills in making decision as well as situational awareness (SA). However, the ability and skills the decision maker have are not sufficient without an efficient and effective interaction and control between the equipment and decision maker in conducting an operation. In this day and age, people are exposed to mixed reality concept in line with the growth of software application technology where people started to demand on their needs for applications used. In fact, software application have shown a rapid development in computing technology world regarding processing power, memory capacity and battery life simultaneously with the new technology supplied such as improvement of the connectivity, external peripherals, GPS and location-based services. This paper proposes the implementation of mixed reality technology specifically in design on 3 Dimensional (3D) geospatial terrain to conduct the military decision making in an operation. The research was carried out to determine the appropriate elements and features of mixed reality for this application consists of anything containing pure or virtual elements, mixed reality space and interaction, reaction, and interaction within 3D mixed reality object. This mixed reality application is considered to provide an effective and efficient 3D map that can interact and control for military operation. Usability testing is selected to conduct the experiment in an open area, assigning the test participants as clients and the evaluator to observe and collect data from the participants. In summary, the research proposes a mixed reality for 3 Dimensional (3D) geospatial terrain in enhancing the situational awareness amongst military decision makers’.


  • Keywords


    Mixed Reality, 3 Dimensional (3D), Situational Awareness, Military Decision Making

  • References


      [1] Monmonier, M (2014). How to lie with maps. University of Chicago Press.

      [2] Doyle, P., & Bennett, M. R. (Eds.). (2013). Fields of battle: terrain in military history (Vol. 64). Springer Science & Business Media.

      [3] Istomin, E. P., Sokolov, a. G., Abramov, V. M., Gogoberidze, G. G., & Fokicheva, A. A. (2015). Methods for external factors assessing within geoinformation management of territories. 15th SGEM GeoConference on Informatics, Geoinformatics and Remote Sensing.

      [4] Sustainments, A (2014). Enterprise Resource Planning.

      [5] Wilson, J. P. (2012). Digital terrain modelling. Geomorphology, 137(1), 107-121.

      [6] Scheepens, R. J. (2015). Visualization for maritime situational awareness (Doctoral dissertation, Technishe Universiteit Eindhoven).

      [7] Peck, J., Pickett, A., Davis, S., MacDonald, D., Felker, D., Houle, J., & Diercks, J. (2014). U.S. Patent Application No. 14/072, 783.

      [8] Mi, N. (2014). Extended Situation Awareness Theory for Mobile Augmented Reality Interfaces to Support Navigation (Doctoral dissertation, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University).

      [9] Barkhaya, N. M. M., & Halim, N. D. A. (2016, December). A review of application of 3D hologram in education: A meta-analysis. In Engineering Education (ICEED), 2016 IEEE 8th International Conference on (pp. 257-260). IEEE.

      [10] Pedersen, M., Weng, W. L., Keulen, N., & Kokfelt, T. (2013). A new seamless digital 1: 150,000 scale geological map of Greenland. Geol. Surv. Den. Greenl, 28, 65-68.

      [11] Brock, A., Oriola, B., Truillet, P., Jouffrais, C., & Picard, D. (2013). Map design for visually impaired people: past, present, and future research. Médiation et Information, 36, 117-129.

      [12] Jaatinen, M., & Kinnunen, J. (2017). The potential of virtual and augmented reality on the Finnish tourism market.

      [13] Hoenig, W., Milanes, C., Scaria, L., Phan, T., Bola, M., & Ayanian, N. (2015, September). Mixed reality for robotics. In Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), 2015 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on (pp. 5382-5387). IEEE.


 

View

Download

Article ID: 21842
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.29.21842




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.