Investigation of Interaction Features of Oil Emulsions and Sorption Material Based on Beet Processing Waste

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    Research results of interaction features of model water emulsions of edible oils with the sorption material received on the basis of carbonate-containing withdrawal of processing of sugar beet are given in work. The Carbonation sludge which is formed in the course of beet sugar production was exposed to heat treatment at a temperature of 600 °C for carbonization of the organic substances which are available in its structure for the purpose of material sorption characteristics improvement. It is established that interaction of sorption material with model emulsions of edible oils is carried out at the expense of adsorption forces, the lack of influence of structural features, such as presence of functional groups (-IT, as in case of ricinoleic acid) and lengths of a carbon chain of molecules of fatty acids on intensity of sorption interaction with sorption material is proved. The isotherms constructed on the basis of experimental data demonstrate monomolecular adsorption of oils on a surface of the modified carbonation sludge. Values of sorption capacity for the studied material are: 182 mg/g for sunflower oil; 184 mg/g for soy oil and 189 mg/g for olive. It is defined that adsorption of oils happens within the first 10-20 minutes then the active centers of the thermally modified carbonation sludge are sated.


  • Keywords

    edible oils, model water oil emulsions, cleaning, sorption material, carbonation sludge, adsorption isotherm.

  • References

      [1] Trombulak S.C., Frissell C.A., Review of Ecological Effects of Roads on Terrestrial and Aquatic Communities, Conservation Biology, vol.14, pp. 18-30, 2000.

      [2] Camargo J.A., Alonso Á., Ecological and toxicological effects of inorganic nitrogen pollution in aquatic ecosystems: A global assessment, Environment International, vol. 32, No. 6, pp. 831-849, 2006.

      [3] Capper J.L., The environmental impact of beef production in the United States: 1977 compared with 2007, Journal of Animal Science, vol. 89, pp. 4249-4261, 2011.

      [4] Grimm N.B., Foster D., Groffman P., Grove J.M., Hopkinson C.S., Nadelhoffer K.J., Pataki D.E., Peters D.P., The changing landscape: ecosystem responses to urbanization and pollution across climatic and societal gradients, Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, vol. 6, pp. 264-272, 2008.

      [5] Shao M., Tang X., Zhang Y., Li W., City clusters in China: air and surface water pollution, Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, vol. 4, pp. 353-361, 2006.

      [6] Sirés I., Brillas E., Remediation of water pollution caused by pharmaceutical residues based on electrochemical separation and degradation technologies: A review, Environment International, vol. 40, pp. 212-229, 2012.

      [7] Pham Thi Anh, Kroeze C., Bush S.R., Mol A.P.J., Water pollution by intensive brackish shrimp farming in south-east Vietnam: Causes and options for control, Agricultural Water Management, vol. 97, No. 6, pp. 872-882, 2010.

      [8] Tambo N., Kamei T., Treatability evaluation of general organic matter. Matrix conception and its application for a regional water and waste water system, Water Research, vol.12, No. 11, pp. 931-950, 1978.

      [9] Brunner P.H., Rechberger H., Waste to energy - key element for sustainable waste management, Waste Management, vol. 37, pp. 3-12, 2015.

      [10] Marshall R.E., Farahbakhsh K., Systems approaches to integrated solid waste management in developing countries, Waste Management, vol. 33, No. 4, pp. 988-1003, 2013.

      [11] Jain A.K., Gupta V.K., Bhatnagar A., Suhas, Utilization of industrial waste products as adsorbents for the removal of dyes, Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 101, No. 1, pp. 31-42, 2003.

      [12] Wang S., Peng Y., Natural zeolites as effective adsorbents in water and wastewater treatment, Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 156, No. 1, pp. 11-24, 2010.

      [13] Bian Z, Miao X., Lei S., Chen S., The Challenges of Reusing Mining and Mineral-Processing Wastes, Science, vol. 337, No. 6095, pp. 702-703, 2012.

      [14] Lupandina N.S., Sapronova Z.A., Sverguzova S.V., Lesovik V.S., Copper and nickel substances extraction from water mediums by waste of disaccharide production, Journal of Engineering and Applied Science, vol. 9, No. 8, pp. 310-315, 2014.

      [15] Sapronova Z. A., Shaikhiev I. G., Spirin M. N., Cleaning of fat-containing waste water, Herald of Technological University, Vol. 19, No 10, pp. 158-161, 2016.

      [16] Sverguzova Z. A., Blagadyreva A. M., The use of filter-press cake for milk processing plants and filling station waste water treatment, Ecology and industry of Russia, No 6, pp. 9-11, 2008.

      [17] Sapronova Z. A., Fetisov R. O., Sverguzova S. V., Shaikhiev I. G., Adsorption removal of sodium lauryl sulfate from aqueous medium by the use of sugar industry waste, Herald of Kazan Technological University, Vol. 17, No 3, pp. 163-166, 2014.

      [18] Tiutiunikov B. N., Bukhshtab Z. I., Gladkiy F. F., Fat chemistry, Moscow: Koloss, 1992. - 448 p.

      [19] Chowdhury K., Banu L.A., Khan S., Latif A. Studies on the Fatty Acid Composition of Edible Oil, Bangladesh Journal of Science and Industrial Research, vol. 42, No. 3, pp. 311-316, 2007.

      [20] Orsavova J., Misurcova L., Ambrozova J.V., Vicha R., Mlcek J., Fatty acids composition of vegetable oils and its contribution to dietary energy intake and dependence of cardiovascular mortality on dietary intake of fatty acids International Journal of Molecular Science, No. 16, pp. 12871-12890, 2015.

      [21] Kostik V., Memeti S., Bauer B., Fatty acid composition of edible oils and fats, Journal of Hygienic Engineering and Design, No. 4, pp. 112-116, 2013.




Article ID: 20552
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.7.20552

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.