Sustainability through Underground Urbanization

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    Urbanization in past few decades has grabbed a huge amount of our agricultural land leading towards various climatic problems as well as endangering our sustainability. Thereby, utilizing the underground earth space instead of using land mass and its resources will transform the lifestyle and will sustain our livelihood. Civilizing and urbanizing underground ecologically enables our sustainability and will contribute to protect the natural resources for future.  The better utilization of land and sustainable use of earth space will play a vital role to protect our natural resources and maintaining our sustainability. As various research and study shows our planet can sustain up to 11 billion population and we are currently 7.6 billion right now, which is considered to reach deadline till the end of this century. Therefore, utilizing underground earth space will provide enough space for building sector and agriculture sector and will serve the purpose in both ways. Thus, it is quite important to clear the way for sustainable pattern of underground civilization.


  • Keywords

    Sustainable Development, Dual Utilization of Land, Underground Urbanization, Resource Availability.

  • References

      [1] “The Road to Sustainability” by Federico M. Pulselli, Simone Bastianomi, Nadia Marchettini & Enzo Tiezzi

      [2] “The dimensions of global urban expansion, estimates and projections for all countries, 2000-2050” by S. Angel, J. Parent, D.L Civco & David Potere.

      [3] “Compact Cities: Sustainable Urban Forms For Developing Countries.” By M. Jenks, R. Burgees.

      [4] “World Population Prospects, 2017” by United Nations

      [5] “Word Population to 2300” – Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations.

      [6] “Think Deep: Planning, development and use of underground spaces in cities” – ISOCARP, ITACUS.

      [7] “Underground Development: A springboard to make city life better in 21st century” by Dimitris Kaliampakos, Procedia Engineering Volume 165, 2016, Pages 205-213.

      [8] “Transitions to a high density urban underground space” by Nikolai Bobylev, Procedia Engineering 165 ( 2016 ), Pages 184 – 192.




Article ID: 17870
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i3.12.17870

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