A study on the effects of inadequate sport equipment and facilities on sports development and academic performance in primary schools: a case study of Bwari area council of Abuja-Nigeria


  • Dahiru M. Sanni African University of Science and Technology, Abuja
  • Caleb Ede Comprehensive Educational Consults
  • Adebayo A. Fashina Tubman University






Sport Development, Primary School, Sport Equipment, Sport Facilities, Academic Impact and Nigeria.


Since physical education was designed to help students develop their physical, mental, and social abilities, there is a need to explore the development of sport in Nigerian schools, particularly, in the primary schools. This paper presents the results of a survey that provides insights on the effect of inadequate sporting facilities and equipment on the development of sports in primary schools in Bwari Area Coun-cil, FCT-Abuja, Nigeria. The six month questionnaire study was carried out in fifteen selected primary schools from the four educational zones in the Area Council. The questionnaire was administered to 195 teachers from the selected schools before the data collected was analyzed using simple percentage approach. The study identifies the factors that influence non-participation of schools in this Area council in sport competitions. The academic and social impacts of providing adequate sporting activities, equipment and facilities are discussed before recommending the appropriate programs that can help enhance sport development at the primary school level in Bwari Area Coun-cil and Nigeria at large.



[1] Lawal I. Y. Sport development; The Nigerian way: A review. International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health 1(4), (2015) 20-24.

[2] Ojeme E.O. Problems in the development of sports in Nigerian Universities, International Review for Sociology of Sports, 20(3), (1985) 120-127. https://doi.org/10.1177/101269028502000304.

[3] Orunaboka, T.T. (1990) Factors related to the teaching of physical education in secondary schools in Okrika, Rivers State, B.Ed Project. University of Port Harcourt.

[4] Sallis, J.F.; McKenzie, T.L.; Alcaraz, J.E.; Kolody, B.; Faucette, N.; Hovell, M.E. The effects of a 2 year physical education program (SPARK) on physical activity and fitness in elementary school students. Am. J. Public Health 87(8), (1997) 1328–1334. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.87.8.1328.

[5] Cobley S.; Abraham C.; Baker J. Relative age effects on physical education attainment and school sport participation. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy 13, (2008) 267–276. https://doi.org/10.1080/17408980701711983.

[6] Eather, N.; Morgan, P.J.; Lubans, D.R. Improving the fitness and physical activity levels of primary school children: results of the Fit-4-Fun group randomized controlled trial. Prev. Med. 56(1), (2013) 12–19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2012.10.019.

[7] Aluko K.; Adodo S. M. A Conceptual Analysis of School Sports Development in Nigeria. African Research Review, 5(5), (2011) 394-403. https://doi.org/10.4314/afrrev.v5i5.31.

[8] Taggart A. Don calls for new approach to physical education, Vanguard Newspaper, February, 13th (2003).

[9] Ojeme E.O. Remodeling the physical education and sports curriculum programmes towards achieving Nigeria’s vision 2020. (2009) In Proceedings of Nigeria Association for Physical, Health Education, Recreation –Sport and Dance, 38: pp. 84-87.

[10] Aluko K. The status of secondary school sports in Benin metropolis: towards VISION 2020. (2009) In Proceedings of Nigeria Association for Physical, Health Education, Recreation Sport and Dance, 38: pp. 113-116.

[11] Bukowsky, M.; Faigenbaum, A.D.; Myer, G.D. Fundamental Integrative Training (FIT) for physical education. J. Phys. Educ. Recreation Dance, 85(6), (2014) 23–30. https://doi.org/10.1080/07303084.2014.926842.

[12] Agbonlahor E. I. Improving Physical Education in Nigerian Primary Schools, European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences 20(1), (2013) 981-989.

[13] Toriola O.M. Competitive Sports in Botswana. KPER. SD. 37(3), (2002) 40-44.

[14] Adebayo W. (2002) Onigbinde wants more youths in sports. Punch Newspaper: August 22nd, 17(18): pp. 63.

[15] Nigerian Federal Government (NFG) (2004) National Policy on Education, Federal Ministry of Education, Abuja.

[16] Mgbor, M.O. (2006), Issues and future direction of physical education in Nigeria. In The Educational Forum, Taylor & Francis Group 70(2): pp. 134-140. https://doi.org/10.1080/00131720608984884.

[17] Chappell R. The Problems and Prospects of Physical Education in Developing Countries. International Sports Studies 23(2), (2001) 88-95.

[18] Fashina A. A. Teacher Quality and Liberia’s Educational System. Arts and Humanities Open Access Journal 1(4), (2017), 132‒133.

View Full Article: