Household human development index and measurement: a study of Muslims in Kashmir


  • Asif Naik Ph.D Research Schlar, Deparment of Economics, Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu India 608002
  • E. Selvarajan





Diversified Development Region (DDR), Undiversified Development Region (UDR), Life Expectancy, Education Index, Income Index.


Sustainable development of Muslims in India is one of the major challenges before the planners and policy makers particularly in the State of Jammu and Kashmir at a phase when India has registered growth in all spheres of life. Yet, the major question that still remains unanswered is as how far have the Muslims of Jammu and Kashmir benefited from the fruits of development (Naik 2013, 143-49). The answer particularly depends upon the ways through which development is conceived and measured. The development strategies must aim at the integration of the people of the region of Kashmir with rest of the country (Naik 2015, 614-616). The present paper attempts to measure human development of the Muslim households of Kashmir regions. Further, it attempts to examine the interrelationship among various indicators of HDI and will depict the extent of achievements of the surveyed villages ranking them as per their human development index adopted. It also suggests policy measures to improve HDI in the study region.


[1] UNDP. Human Development Report. Oxford University Press, New York: Oxford 1990.

[2] UNESCO Institute for Statistics. (2009). Duration by Level of Education; United Nations Scientific and Cultural Organization.

[3] Barro R J & J W Lee (2010). A New Data Set of Educational Attainment in the World, 1950–2010, NBER Working Paper, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research, 2010.

[4] Harttgen Kenneth, & Stephan Klasen (2010) A Household-Based Human Development Index, Human Development Research Paper, 22, 2010: 4-26.

[5] Shah Ismail & Vinod Gosavi (2010). Human Development Index and Human Poverty Index for Indian states, 2005: Multivariate Statistical Analysis of basic indicators. Spring. Department of Statistics School of Economics and Management, Lund University, Sweden 2010, 14-17. (accessed December 1, 2015)

[6] Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI). (2011). Oxford Department of International Development, Queen Elizabeth House (QEH), University of Oxford, Research in Progress series 2011:6.

[7] Education Statistic at a Glance Government of India (2011). Ministry of Home Affairs Development, Bureau of Planning, Monitoring and Statistics: New Delhi India, 2011.

[8] Elspeth Hazell, Kar-Fai Gee, & Andrew Sharpe (2012). The Human Development Index in Canada: Estimates for the Canadian Provinces and Territories, 2000-2011; Sharpe CSLS Research Report, 2012: 14-17. (Accessed January 9, 2016).

[9] Pandit Nusrat (2013) Enhancing Education Rate through Capacity Building Programs: Reflections from Jammu and Kashmir. Journal of Business Management and Social Sciences Research (JBM&SSR) 2, no.7, 2013: 63. (accessed September, 2015)

[10] UNDP. Human Development Report. Oxford University Press, New York: Oxford. 2014.

[11] UNDP. Human Development Report. Oxford University Press, New York: Oxford. 2014:160.

[12] Naik Asif Ahmad & E Selvarajan (2015). Social inclusion and human development in Jammu and Kashmir, Social Exclusion and Marginalized Groups, Edited by Balamu Murgan, Department of Political Science and Public Administration Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu, India, 2015: 143-150.

[13] Naik Asif Ahmad & E Selvarajan (2015) Disabled Population: A Temporal Study of Jammu and Kashmir. Journal of Business Management & Social Sciences Research (JBM&SSR) 4, no. 11 [November 2015]: 614-616.

View Full Article: