Is Newtonian gravitational constant a quantized constant of microscopic quantum gravity?


  • UVS Seshavatharam I-SERVE, Hyderabad, AP, India.Sr. Engineer, QA-DIP, Lanco Industries Ltd, Tirupati, AP, India.
  • S Lakshminarayana Dept. of Nuclear Physics, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam-03,AP, India





Three Atomic Gravitational Constants, Newtonian Gravitational Constant, Quantum Gravity.


Considering the Newtonian gravitational constant as a quantized constant of microscopic quantum gravity, an attempt is made to fit its value in a verifiable approach with reference to three large atomic gravitational constants pertaining to weak, strong and electromagnetic interactions linked with a quantum relation. Estimated value seems to be 865 ppm higher than the recommended value.




[1] Sunil Mukhi. (2011). String theory: a perspective over the last 25 years. Class. Quant. Grav. 28153001.

[2] Bojowald M. (2008). Loop quantum cosmology. Living Rev. Rel. 11, 4.

[3] Tennakone K. (1974). Electron, muon, proton, and strong gravity. Phys. Rev. D. 10:1722.

[4] Salam A, Sivaram C. (1993). Strong Gravity Approach to QCD and Confinement. Mod. Phys. Lett., A8(4), 321–326.

[5] Roberto Onofrio. (2013) On weak interactions as short-distance manifestations of gravity. Modern Physics Letters A 28, 1350022.

[6] Seshavatharam UVS and Lakshminarayana S. (2015) To Validate the Role of Electromagnetic and Strong Gravitational Constants via the Strong Elementary Charge. Universal Journal of Physics and Application9(5), 216 – 225.

[7] Seshavatharam UVS and Lakshminarayana S. (2017) Understanding the basics of final unification with three gravitational constants associated with nuclear, electromagnetic and gravitational interactions. Journal of Nuclear Physics, Material Sciences, Radiation and Applications 4(1),1-19.

[8] Seshavatharam UVS and Lakshminarayana S. (2019). On the role of four gravitational constants in nuclear structure. Mapana Journal of Sciences, 18(1), 21-45.

[9] Seshavatharam UVS and Lakshminarayana S. (2020).Implications and Applications of Fermi Scale Quantum Gravity. International Astronomy and Astrophysics Research Journal.2(1),13-30.

[10] Seshavatharam UVS and Lakshminarayana S. (2020). Significance and Applications of the Strong Coupling Constant in the Light of Large Nuclear Gravity and Up and Down Quark Clusters. International Astronomy and Astrophysics Research Journal.2(1),56-68.

[11] Seshavatharam UVS and Lakshminarayana S. (2019). On the Role of Nuclear Quantum Gravity in Understanding Nuclear Stability Range of Z = 2 to 118. J. Nucl. Phys. Mat. Sci. Rad. A. 7(1), 43–51.

[12] Seshavatharam UVS and Lakshminarayana S. (2010). Super Symmetry in Strong and Weak interactions. Int. J. Mod. Phys. E, 19(2),263-280.

[13] Seshavatharam UVS and Lakshminarayana S. (2011). SUSY and strong nuclear gravity in (120-160) GeV mass range. Hadronic journal, 34(3), 277.

[14] Seshavatharam UVS and Lakshminarayana S. (2020). 4G Model of Fractional Charge Strong-Weak Super Symmetry. International Astronomy and Astrophysics Research Journal.2(1),31-55.

[15] Mohr P. J, Newell D. B and Taylor B. N. (2014). CODATA recommended values of the fundamental constants: Rev. Mod. Phys. 88, 035009.

[16] M. Tanabashi et al. (2018).(Particle Data Group), Phys. Rev. D 98, 030001.

[17] Canuel B et al. (2018). Exploring gravity with the MIGA large scale atom interferometer. Science reports, 8:14064.

[18] Li, Qing et al. (2018). Measurements of the gravitational constant using two independent methods. Nature 560, 582–588.

[19] Junfei Wu et al. (2019). Progress in Precise Measurements of the Gravitational Constant. Ann. Phys. (Berlin) 531, 1900013.

[20] Victoria Xu et al. (2019). Probing gravity by holding atoms for 20 seconds. Science,366(6466), 745-749.

[21] Hawking S.W. (1975). Particle creation by black holes. Commun. Math. Phys.43, 199–220.

[22] Gibbons G.W. (2002). The Maximum Tension Principle in General Relativity. Foundations of Physics. 32: 1891

[23] Nico Cappelluti et al. (2018). Searching for the 3.5 keV Line in the Deep Fields with Chandra: The 10 Ms Observations. The Astrophysical Journal. 854:179.

[24] Amenomori M et al. (2019). First detection of photons with energy beyond 100 TeV from an astrophysical source. Phys. Rev. Lett. 123, 051101.

[25] Grzegorz Wiktorowicz et al. (2019). Populations of stellar mass Black holes from binary systems. The Astrophysical journal. 885(1).

[26] Humphreys DR. (1984). The Creation of Planetary Magnetic Fields. Creation Research Society Quarterly. 21(3).

View Full Article: