A conceptual framework as basis for the development of a psychosocial educational programme to facilitate the reintegration of incarcerated women who had dumped babies and / or committed infanticide

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    This paper focuses on the conceptualization the research findings and literature control with regard to the experiences of women who have dumped babies and / or committed infanticide. Eleven unstructured individual interviews were voice recorded and transcribed verbatim. The researcher used a systematic approach to analyse the transcripts and field notes using Tesch’s open qualitative data analysis method Based on the findings of the main themes of the study, four central concepts emerged from those themes; namely psychological factors, socioeconomic factors, the reintegration process, as well as a legal and ethical framework. Through consultation and member checking, it was concluded that an educational programme was suitable to prepare and support the women who had dumped babies and / or committed infanticide.

    The educational programme entailed the management and understanding of the psychosocial aspects, socioeconomic aspects, reintegration process, as well as the legal and ethical aspects of the women. These women are members of the society irrespective of the magnitude of the crime they had committed.

    The conceptual framework forms the basis of the development of the training programme for women who have dumped babies and / or committed infanticide. The description in this conceptual framework is in accordance with the reasoning map that is based on the survey list outline by Dickoff et al. (1968).


  • Keywords


    Conceptual Framework; Psychosocial; Educational Programme; Facilitate; Reintegration; Incarcerated; Women; Dumped Babies Committed; Infanticide.

  • References


      [1] Dickoff, J., James, P. and Wiedenbach, E. (1968). Theory in practice discipline Part 1: Practice Oriented Theory. American Journal of Nursing Company. 7(5):415-451. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00006199-196809000-00006.

      [2] Namibia. Ministry of Gender Equality and Child Welfare. (2012 -2016). National Plan of Action on Gender-Based Violence. Windhoek, Republic of Namibia.

      [3] Namibia. Ministry of Gender Equality and Child Welfare. (2009). Baby Dumping. Windhoek: Government Printers.

      [4] Namibia. Ministry of Gender Equality and Child Welfare. (2015). Government of the Republic of Namibia. Windhoek: Namibia.

      [5] Timms, P. (2005). Mental Health Information. Factsheet on Mental Illness after Birth. Royal College of Psychiatrists’ Public Education Editorial Board. Belgrave Square. London.

      [6] Legal Assistance Centre. (2010). Child Care and Protection Bill. Windhoek, Namibia.

      [7] Legal Assistance Centre. (2011). Enactment of Child Care and Protection Bill. Windhoek, Namibia.

      [8] Kangandjela, L. N. & Maupare, C. (2009). Work in progress: The Child Care and Protection Act in Namibia. University of Namibia.

      [9] Greiner, M.E. (2001-2008). Baby Dump News. A Weekly E- Chronicle of Newborn Abandonment, infanticide, Safe Haven and related Issues. World Press. maddogmarley@worldnet.att.net.

      [10] Daily Maverick (2012).They opened their home and hearts to South Africa’s abandoned babies. Retrieved on June 25, 2013, from http://www.dailymaverick.co.za/.../2012-0517-they-opened-their-home-and-hearts-to-south-africas-abandoned-babies.

      [11] Modie-Moroka, T. (2011). Discontinuation, Detachment and Death Re-thinking Baby Dumping, Concealment of Birth and Infanticide. Retrieved September 15, 2011, from www.sundaystandard.info/article.

      [12] Dzimiri, N. (2013). Concern over increase in baby dumping and infanticide. Retrieved: June 06, 2014 from http://www. dailynews.gov.bw/new-details/.

      [13] Salam, A. (2013). Seven main causes of baby dumping among teenagers in Kuala Lumpur. Malysia.

      [14] Mazbah, T., Abdullah, N., Jaafar, N. I. M., Tagaranao, M. S. & Safian, Y. H. M. (2014). International Journal of Technical Research and Applications. A comparative study on punishment and preventative methods of baby dumping Malaysia Perspective. EISSN: 2320-8163, www.ijtra.com Volume-2, Special Issue 4 (July-Aug 2014), PP. 24-28.

      [15] Bentu, N. (2013). Why baby dumping? Retrieved December 12, 2011, from http://www.dailynews.gov.bw/new-details.pnp?=3392.

      [16] Reichel, M., & Ramey, M. A. (Eds.). (2009). Conceptual frameworks for bibliographic education: Theory to Practice. Littleton Colorado: Libraries Unlimited Inc.

      [17] Ekman, P. (2010). Characteristics of an Excellent Facilitator. Paul Ekman Training. Execution for System Incorporation. Consulting, Services and Training. Retrieved September 22, 2015, from http://www.exforsys.com/careercenter/facilitator/characteristics of-excellent facilitator.html.

      [18] Queensland Nursing Council. (2009). Setting Standards: Scope of practice – frameworkfornurses and midwives. Retrieved December 15, 2014, from https://www.health.qld.gov.au/parrot/html/Documents/NursingScPrac.pdf.

      [19] Barry, T. R. (2015). Top 10 Qualities of a Project Manager. http://www.esi-intl.co.uk.

      [20] Galford, R. & Maruca, R. (2010). How legacy thinking makes better leader today: BostonJournal. Retrieved October 15, 2013, from http://www.yourleaderlegacy.com.

      [21] Kouzes, J. M. (2010). The leadership challenge. Jossey-Bass Publishers. California.

      [22] Galer, J. B., Vriessendorp, S. and Ellis, A. (2005). Managers who lead: A handbook for improving health services. Cambridge: MSH Bookstore.

      [23] Jooste, K. (2010). Leadership in Health Service Management. Cape Town: Juta.

      [24] Bennis, W. (2013). Learning to Lead. Addison-Wesley Publisher

      [25] Paul, N. (2011). Parental Empathy: Parenthood. Little Brown Publishers. New York.

      [26] Defrain, J., Brand, G., Friesen, J. & Swanson, D. (2008). Creating Strong Families. Why families are important. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Lincoln, Nebraska, United States.

      [27] Brodow, E. (2014). Beating the Success Trap: Negotiating Your Own Path to Success. Third Edition. HarperCollins Publishers, United State of America.

      [28] Hubbard, D. (2008). Monograph Series: Baby dumping and Infanticide. Gender Research & Advocacy Project. Legal Assistance Centre. Windhoek: Namibia.

      [29] Kieling, A. J. (2013). Where have all the good men gone. Retrieved October 18, 2014, from http://www.counterculturedusa.com/qualities-your-future-husband-must-have.

      [30] Legal Assistance Center. (2007). Guide to Maintenance Act 9 of 2003. Windhoek, Namibia.

      [31] Legal Assistance Center. (2008). Gender Research and Advocacy Program. Windhoek, Namibia.

      [32] Legal Assistance Center. (2010). Foster Grants. Windhoek, Namibia

      [33] Kieling, A. J. (2013). Where have all the good men gone. Retrieved October 18, 2014, from http://www.counterculturedusa.com/qualities-your-future-husband-must-have.

      [34] Cole, A. L., & Knowles, J. G. (2001). Lives in Context: The Art of Life History Research. Volume 5. No. 3Art 4 – September 2004.

      [35] Community Tool Box. (2015). Work Group for Community Health and Development.Retrieved September 03, 2015 from http://www.ctb.ku.educ/en/tableofcontents/participation-involvement.

      [36] George, J. B. (2010). Nursing theories: The base for professional nursing practice (6th ed.). Norwalk, CT: Appleton & Lange.

      [37] George, J. B. (2011). Nursing theories: The base for professional nursing practice.6th edition. New Jersey: Pearson.

      [38] Moskowitz, G. B. (2005). Social Cognition. Understanding self and others. London: The Guilford Press

      [39] Cloud, D. (2003-2015). Physical Environment for Children. Retrieved August 30, 2014, from [http://study.com/academy/lesson/physical-environment-for-children-definitioncharacteristics-examples.html.

      [40] Briner, R. B. (2000). In-depth Review. Relationships between work environments, psychological environments and psychological well-being. Occup. Med. Vol. 50, No.5, pp. 299-303, 2000. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/occmed/50.5.299.

      [41] Barnett, E & Casper, M. (2006). Definition of Social Environment. American Journal of Public Health. Vol. 91, No.3.

      [42] Tang, S. (2010). Effective rehabilitation and reintegration of offenders. Resource MaterialSeries No.82. Singapore.

      [43] Peterson, C. (2009). Subjective and objective research in positive psychology: A biological characteristic is linked to well-being".Psychology today. Retrieved April 20, 2011, from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-good-life/200905/sujectivesndobjective-research-in-positive-psychology.

      [44] Asian and Pacific Conference for Correctional Administrators. (2004). Conference Report.Retrieved September 11, 2015; from http://www.apcca.org/uploads/24th-APCCA Conference-Report.pdf

      [45] American Psychological Association. (2015). Education and Socio-economic Status. Retrieved September 12, 2015, from http://www.apa.org/pi/ses/resources/publications/factsheet-education.aspx.

      [46] Thurber, A. (1997). Mission of Correctional Services in Canada, Cat no. JS 82-46. Ottawa, Canada.


 

View

Download

Article ID: 6135
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijh.v4i2.6135




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.